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Diabetic Retinopathy

 

  • Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the small blood vessels in the retina are damaged. It is the leading cause of blindness among working age adults.
  • Anyone with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy, but those with Type 1 diabetes and those who have had diabetes for a long time are at the greatest risk.
  • Because diabetic retinopathy can develop with few or no symptoms, it is important that all adults with diabetes have an eye exam at least once a year. Frequent, comprehensive eye examinations are the best protection against the progression of diabetic retinopathy.

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the small blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensing tissue in the back of the eye, are damaged. It is the leading cause of blindness among working age adults. Anyone with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy, but those with Type 1 diabetes and those who have had diabetes for a long time are at the greatest risk.

Because diabetic retinopathy can develop with few or no symptoms, it is important that all adults with diabetes have an eye exam at least once a year. Frequent, comprehensive eye examinations are the best protection against the progression of diabetic retinopathy. If you have diabetes mellitus, you should also have a dilated eye examination at least once a year.

The most common symptoms of diabetic retinopathy are macular edema, – swelling of the macula, or center of the retina, caused by leaking fluids – and scar tissue.  Both symptoms can cause distorted and blurred vision, which may not be noticeable until the very center part of the macula becomes involved.

How We Treat It

In early stages of retinopathy, no treatment may be necessary. When retinopathy affects the macula and central vision, outpatient laser treatment may be used to seal leaking blood vessels. In some cases, medication may be given to treat macular edema. In more advanced cases, laser treatments may be used to curtail the growth of new, abnormal blood vessels or corrective microsurgical procedures may be performed.

VIDEOS

Want to learn more about our retinal specialist Dr. Howard Lazarus, or John-Kenyon Retina Center’s evaluation and treatment options for AMD, Diabetic Retinopathy, and retinal detachments? Check out our video center.

Patient Forms

Thank you for choosing to see the difference at John-Kenyon! To help improve your patient experience, our patient forms are available for you to print, review, and fill out before your appointment. We look forward to seeing you!

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The morning after having LASIK at John-Kenyon, Catie told Dr. Piracha she should have had the procedure a long time ago. Not even 24 hours later, she was pointing out all the street signs on the way to her follow up appointment.

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Greg W., LASIK

Greg woke up seeing the alarm clock for the first time in 15 years after LASIK at John-Kenyon.

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Sarah is 110% happy with her LASIK results. The morning after her procedure at John-Kenyon LASIK Center, she’s seeing 20/15!

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Phil B., LASIK

Phil was tired of constantly having to switch back and forth between glasses and contacts and was ready for a change. Thanks to LASIK at John-Kenyon, he’s now seeing 20/15!